The process of produce a package involves many crucial steps; the die-cutting process is one of those.
What is the die-cutting? As you maybe can guess, it is the process of through a machine, cut out a shape.
Using this simple definition we can start to get deeper into the subject:
The machine: The process starts with a die, a specialized piece of steel used to cut a specific shape in the material. The process can be done by machine
- Manual: Using rollers to apply pressure on the die over the paper to get the shape of the die.
- Digital: This machine operates using preloaded images to work, rather than the usual die plate. The digital one uses sharp blades instead of the traditional plates, to cut the material.
- Industrial: This is the machine designed for mass –production; the whole process is automated and is done at a high-speed rate.
The shape: The possibilities of shapes using the die-cutting process are widely variable; it mostly depends on the design, purpose, and brand of the packaging. Through this process is possible to give shape to a huge variety of materials:
Paper, adhesives, leather, thin plastic, thin wood, thin metal, rubber, sponge, foam sheets, vinyl, and so on.
The process may sound like something new but actually, the story of it gets back to 1800, when the necessity of make fabrication of shoes easier and consistently, generates the space for the first kind of die plates, which in late 1900 when with the addition of innovating technologies of the time the die plates and die-cutting machines were created.
Additional to it the die-cut process can also create: Blanking, Broaching, Drawing, or Embossing.